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slideshow 1

Photo: Couloir

Het bandplan tussen 430 en 440 MHz

IARU Region 1 bandplan Maximum bandwith Mode Usage

    (national bandplanning) (d)


12,5 kHz

430.025 - 430.375   Repeater output channel freqs (F/PA/ON) 12.5 kHz spacing, 1.6 MHz shift (f)
430.400 - 430.575   Digital communication link channels (g) (j)
430.5125                APRS (ON -PA)
430.600 - 430.925   Digital communications repeater channels (g) (j) (l)
430.925 - 431.025   Multi mode channels (j) (k) (l)
431.050 - 431.9875 Repeater input channel freqs 12,5 kHz spacing -7.6 MHz shift (f)
431.625 - 431.975   Repeater input channel freqs (F/PA/ON) 12.5 kHz spacing, +1.6 MHz shift


500 Hz




500 Hz

432.050                  Telegraphy centre of activity
432.088                  PSK 31 centre of activity


2700 Hz
432.200                  SSB centre of activity
432.350                  Microwave talkback centre of activity
432.370                  FSK441 random calling

500 Hz


                              Beacons exclusive (b)


12 kHz

432.500                  Alternative APRS FREQUENCY
432.500 - 432.600   Linear transponder input (e)
432.600                  RTTY (ASK/PSK)
432.700                  AFX (ASK)
432.600 - 432.800   Linear transponder ouput (e)
432.800 - 433.000   Simplex acces for RoIP (Echolink, IRLP...) 12.5 kHz spacing


12 kHz
Digital Voice
REPEATER INPUT REGION 1 STANDARD 25 kHz spacing, -1.6 MHz shift (Channel freq 433.000-433.375MHz) (Not in ON)


12 kHz

Digital voice
(f) (o)
433.400                  SSTV (FM/AFSK)
433.450                  Digital Voice calling
433.500                  (Mobile) FM calling

FM SIMPLEX CHANNELS, 25 kHz spacing, (Channel freq 433.400 - 433.575 MHz)


20 kHz

433.600                  RTTY (AFSK/FM)
433.625 - 433.775   Digital communications channels (g) (h) (i)
433.700                  FAX channel (FM/AFSK)
433.800                  APRS (n)
434.000                  Centre frequency of digital experiments as defined on note (m)


12 kHz (c)

ATV (c)

434.450 - 434.575   Digital communication channels (by exceptions) (i)
             ATV(c) & FM

12 kHz (c)

REPEATER OUTPUT REGION 1 STANDARD 25 kHz spacing, -1.6 MHz shift (Channel freq 434.600 - 434.975MHz) (Not in ON)


20 kHz (c)
ATV (c)

               ATV (c) & 
              (national bandplanning)


12,5 kHz (c)

438.025 - 438.175   Digital communications channel freqs (g)
438.200 - 438.525   Digital communications repeater channels (g) (j) (l)
438.550 - 438.625   Multi-mode (j) (k) (l)
438.650 - 439.5875 Repeater output channels 12,5 kHz spacing -7.6 MHz shift, (f)
439.800 - 439.975   Digital communications link channels (g) (j)
439.9875                POCSAG centre

Notes on the 430 - 440 MHz IARU R1 bandplan


The following notes are part of the officially adopted IARU Region 1 bandplan, and all member societies should strongly promote adherence to the recommendations made in these notes.

1.1. General

i. In Europe no input or output channels of telephony repeaters shall be allowed to operate between 432 and 432.600 MHz.

iii. FM telephony channels and Repeaters are specified in chapter 8.8.6.

1.2. Footnotes

a) Telegraphy is permitted over the whole narrow-band DX part of the band; Telegraphy exclusive between 432.000 - 432.100 MH. PSK31, however, can be used as well in this segment.

b) Refer to Beacons Chapter for coordination of beacons in the beacon sub-band.

i. ATV operators should be encouraged to use the microwave allocations where available, but may continue to use the 430 MHz band where permitted by the licensing authority. In case of interference between ATV and the Amateur Satellite Service, the Satellite Service should have priority.

ii. ATV transmissions in the 435 MHz band should take place in the segment 434.000 - 440.000 MHz. The video carrier should be below 434.500 MHz or above 438.500 MHz. National societies should provide guidance to their members on the exact frequencies to be used, with due consideration of the interests of other users. (Noordwijkerhout 1987).

d) The words "Sub-regional (national) bandplanning" appearing in IARU Region 1 VHF/UHF/Microwave bandplans mean the following:

In bands and sub-bands not available throughout Region 1, band-planning should be coordinated on a sub-regional basis between the countries where those bands and sub-bands are allocated to the Amateur Service. The words "national bandplanning" refer to bands/segments which are available only in a single country (such as the 70 MHz band allocation), or only in a few widely separated countries. (Torremolinos 1990).

e) At the IARU Region 1 Conference in Torremolinos (1990) the output band for linear transponders was extended from 432.700 to 432.800 MHz under the following condition:

The established use of 432.600 MHz for RTTY (ASK/PSK) and 432.700 MHz for FAX should be respected when installing linear transponders which use this allocation.

f) This segment is for simplex use only with no Digital Voice gateways. Embedded data traffic is allowed along with digital voice. Digital Voice users should check that the channel is not in use by other modes.


The following notes are referring to the Usage column in the bandplan. As already set out in the introduction to section IIc, in the right amateur spirit operators should take notice of these agreements which are made for operating convenience, but no right to reserved frequencies can be derived from a mention in the Usage column or from the following notes (except where "").

2.1. Footnotes

f. The HB/DL/OE wide-shift repeater system, already in use for a long time, is valuable with a view to a better utilisation of the whole band. Hence IARU Region 1 endorses the system.

This also applies for the French repeater channel system, also adopted by the Netherlands and Belgium, which IARU Region 1 supports as a useful measure to fill a hitherto unused part of the band.

For the numbering of FM telephony channels see 4.1.

g. In the Usage section of the 435 MHz bandplan the following frequency segments have been designated for digital communications:

i)   430.544 - 430.931 MHz Extension of the 7.6 MHz repeater system input for digital comm.

     438.194 - 438.531 MHz Output channels for the above
ii)   433.619 - 433.781 MHz

     438.019 - 438.181 MHz

iii) 430.394 - 430.581 MHz For digital communication links
     439.794 - 439.981 MHz For digital communication links

With due regard to the band allocated to the Amateur Service by the national Administration, the interests of other users, possible interference from e.g. ISM, the specific digital technique or system to be accommodated etc., a sub-regional, or national choice may be made within the above segments.

h. In those countries where 433.619 - 433.781 MHz is the only segment of the 435 MHz band available for digital communications, modulation techniques requiring a channel separation exceeding 25 kHz should not be used. If different or incompatible use of this part of the frequency spectrum in contemplated in neighbouring countries, this use should be coordinated between the countries concerned with the aim of avoiding harmful interference.

i. On a temporary basis, in those countries where 433.619 - 433.781 MHz is the only segment of the 435 MHz band available for Digital Communications:

1. Channels with centre frequencies 432.500, 432.525, 432.550, 432.575, 434.450, 434.475, 434.500, 434.525, 434.550 and 434.575 may be used for digital communications.

2. Use of these channels must not interfere with linear transponders.

3. Modulation techniques requiring a channel separation exceeding 25 kHz must not be used on these channels. (De Haan, 1993).

j. At the IARU Region 1 Conference in Torremolinos (1990) the following recommendation was adopted regarding the segments for repeaters and links, shown in footnote g:

For a repeater/link to be installed within 150 km of a national border, the member society should co-ordinate the frequency allocation and the technical (system) data with the member societies in neighbouring countries. Special attention should be paid to the common good practice of using directional antennas and the minimum power necessary. As a matter of course this agreement is also valid for any link experiments carried out on the multi-mode channels in the segment 438.544--438.631 MHz. (De Haan, 1993).

k. These multi-mode channels are to be used for experimenting with new transmission technologies (De Haan, 1993).

l. In the United Kingdom the use of low-power speech repeaters on repeater channels in the segment 438.419--438.581 is allowed. Where necessary, frequencies will be coordinated with neighbouring countries (De Haan, 1993).

m. Experiments using wide band digital modes may take place in the 435 MHz band in those countries that have the full 10 MHz allocation. These experiments should be in the all modes section around a frequency of 434 MHz, use horizontal polarisation and the minimum power required. (Tel Aviv 1996).

n. That this only applies in cases where 144,800 MHz cannot be used (Davos 2005).

o. Common frequencies for Simplex (FM) Internet voice gateways are: 433.950, 433.9625, 433.975, 433.9875, 434.0125, 434.434.025, 434.0375, 434.050 MHz (Cavtat 2008).

p. All Voice repeater channels may use FM or Digital Voice modes. (Cavtat 2008).